Hair restoration treatments

Hair is made of keratin and the visualised part of the hair is called the shaft. Within the skin the hair follicle is located which ends in the bulb (or root) which contains the cells that divide to produce the hair shaft, along with melanocytes responsible for its pigmentation.

Damage to the bulb is required for permanent hair removal. Blood vessels are found in the hair bulb that not only provide nourishment, but also deliver the hormones that modify hair growth. The hair follicle is surrounded by an inner sheath that ends just before the opening of the sebaceous gland and follows the hair shaft. The outer sheath continues all the way up to the sebaceous gland. There are small bundles of muscle fibres which are attached to the outer sheath called erector pili muscles. When these muscle contracts, the hair stands up on end. The sebaceous gland secretes sebum which conditions the hair.

Stages of hair growth

There are three phases of hair growth; anagen (growth phase), catagen (transitional phase) and telogen (resting phase). Each hair will spend several years in the anagen phase but he catagen phase can be as little as a few weeks and results in hair growth slowing and the hair follicle shrinking. During the resting phase (telogen), a new hair will begin to grow again and push the old hair out, which detaches from the hair follicle.

Reasons for hair loss

There are a number of different factors involved with hair loss. This will need an individual assessment so that all possible causes are dealt with. In some cases, this may involve seeing your GP, being referred to a dermatologist or having tests such as blood tests, to check for vitamin deficiencies and hormone levels. 

There are many different reasons for hair loss

The most common form of hair loss worldwide is hereditary and includes both men and women. The medical term is androgenic alopecia. It means you have genes that cause your hair follicle to shrink and eventually stop growing hair. In some cases, this shrinking can start as a teenager, but it is more common in later ages. In women, the first area of hair loss is normally overall thinning or a widening of the centre parting but can also have a receding hair line. In men, the common first sign is a receding hair line or a spot of hair loss on the top of the head. Treatment can slow the hair loss and help in some cases to regrow hair; however, it is important to start the treatment early for optimal results.

Age is another reason we start to lose hair as hair growth slows. The hair follicles stop growing hair resulting in thin hair, and also the hair starts to lose its colour. Again, caught early treatment can help to regrow hair.

Childbirth, illness and other stress can also impact your hair. A few months after giving birth you may notice this. Generally speaking, with any of these issues, the body will readjust, and excessive shedding will stop. But it can take 6-9 months to normal fullness of the hair to be restored. Again, treatment may help this along.

Medications are another key area to review if you are experiencing hair loss. Ask the doctor who has prescribed the medication if hair loss is a possible side effect. It is very important that you don’t stop taking a medication before talking to your doctor. Abruptly stopping some medications can lead to serious health issues. Regrowth is possible if alternatives can be found to the medication and with treatments.

Hair care such as colourings, perming or relaxing hair could damage it. Over time this may lead to hair loss. Unfortunately, once you have damaged a hair follicle, hair cannot grow from that follicle and you may end up with permanent small bald spots. Changing your hair care is the best way to prevent this from worsening.

Hairstyles that pull on your scalp such as wearing hair tightly pulled back, or tight platting can lead to permanent hair loss. This is called traction alopecia. Again, the hair follicles are damaged and therefore it is not possible to regrow hair but by changing your hairstyle, this will prevent further loss.

Hormones are a driver for hair loss. Those with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) for example can cause a hormonal imbalance leading to hair loss. Sometimes stopping some types of birth control pills can also cause temporary hormonal imbalance. Treatment may be able to help here as you haven’t damaged the hair follicle.

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system starts to attack hair follicles. Hair loss can be anywhere not just the scalp, but inside the nose, ears, eyelashes, or eyebrows. Treatment is more difficult because of the autoimmune nature of the condition and often the hair starts growing back on its own, and this is where treatment can help to stimulate regrowth.
Scalp psoriasis involves plaque psoriasis developing on your scalp. This is quite common with psoriasis and can lead to hair loss. It is possible to regrow the hair once the scalp psoriasis clears up, but it does take time. Consulting a dermatologist may be helpful to prevent hair loss.
Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation may result in complete hair loss. Once treatment has stopped, the hair often starts to regrow, but treatment can help this come back more quickly. Cooling caps before, during and after each chemotherapy session can help to prevent hair loss so it is important to speak with your treating doctor about this option.

Scalp infection can lead to inflamed and scaly areas on the scalp. There can also be small black dots on the scalp which are stubs of hair. Some will develop a bald spot. The good news is if you get rid of the infection, then hair tends to grow back.

For some people pulling on their hair relieves stress or just becomes a habit, but it can lead to follicle damage. The medical term is trichotillomania. If you haven’t destroyed the hair follicles then treatment can help, however the best thing is to stop pulling the hair.

Thyroid disease is very common and people can see thinning hair. Clumps can come our whilst brushing. If the thyroid disease is reversed, then often the hair loss will also be.

Nutritional causes are another key issue with hair growth. It is important to have enough zinc, biotin, iron, and protein in your diet to support hair growth. If you replace these in your diet then the hair should grow back.

Scarring alopecia occurs when inflammation destroys hair follicles and can be caused by various medical conditions. Unfortunately, once the hair follicle is destroyed, the hair cannot grow back.
Sexually transmitted infections (STI’s) can also cause hair loss. Syphilis is an example which when left untreated, can cause patchy hair loss in the eyebrows, beard, scalp and elsewhere. Again, treating the STI will be the best way to restore hair growth.
Friction caused by rubbing a certain area by tight clothing, boots, socks, can also cause hair loss. Sometimes you can see this if someone has been ill and been in bed for long periods. Stopping the friction will result in hair regrowth

View our hair restoration treatments

cropped London Surrey Aesthetics Site Icon

Enquire about this treatment

If you require additional information about this treatment, please don't hesitate to contact us.

protected by reCAPTCHA Privacy - Terms

Client Reviews

cropped London Surrey Aesthetics Site Icon
I had a really great experience with this clinic. I knew nothing about skin or what my skincare should have been and Marie was able to complete a really thorough consultation that was individual to my needs. I now have a proper skin routine that is focused on my combo skin and it’s never looked better!
Ambre McGee
I have had botox and cheek filler with Marie and am super happy with the result. Marie is very thorough and focused on ensuring the results looked natural and enhanced my natural look (i.e) how I looked 10 years ago! She also gave me great skin care advice which has really helped my confidence (and skin).
I've visited Marie for a couple of treatments recently, and would highly recommend her. She is knowledgeable and thorough in the consultation, and seems to know exactly what's needed to sort the areas that I'm not happy with. Marie has really sorted my jowls with filler so naturally, it has taken years off!